Category: Research

Neurologic syndromes related to anti-GAD65

Antibodies against glutamic-acid-decarboxylase 65 (anti-GAD65) are associated with several neurologic syndromes, including stiff person syndrome and limbic encephalitis. However, their pathogenic role remains controversial. A group led by Dr. Maarten Titulaer (Erasmus University, the Netherlands) studied the clinical relevance of different anti-GAD65 concentrations in patients with neurological disorders and their response to treatment. The group …

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How coronavirus affects the brain

Since December 2019, almost 13.5 million cases and 581,103 deaths due to the coronavirus have been reported worldwide, according to the Johns Hopkins Coronavirus Resource Center. There are many papers published on COVID-19 and its consequences, and we, at AE Alliance, are especially interested in how the coronavirus affects the brain. We wanted to share …

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Evaluation of seizure treatment in AE

In this nationwide cohort study, by De Bruijn and colleagues, the authors evaluated the seizure responses to immunotherapy and anti-epileptic drugs (AED’s) in patients with NMDAR, LGI1, and GABAbR encephalitis. The study included 153 patients with AE (53 LGI1, 75 NMDAR, 25 GABABR). Of those, 110 patients had epileptic seizures and were included in the …

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Research continues on testing methods

Researchers at Johns Hopkins University published a retrospective study in which they examined the PET scans of patients who had been definitively diagnosed with autoimmune encephalitis over a ten-year period. They compared patients with anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis with other subgroups. They found those with anti-NMDAr AE consistently showed abnormalities in the form of hypometabolism (lower …

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