Category: Research

Research continues on testing methods

Researchers at Johns Hopkins University published a retrospective study in which they examined the PET scans of patients who had been definitively diagnosed with autoimmune encephalitis over a ten-year period. They compared patients with anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis with other subgroups. They found those with anti-NMDAr AE consistently showed abnormalities in the form of hypometabolism (lower …

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Study reveals new insights on NMDAR antibodies

Physicians conducting research in Barcelona are using high-resolution microscopy and biochemical methods to unlock the secrets surrounding how anti-NMDA receptor antibodies cause disruption at the cellular level, resulting in the alteration of brain function. Dalmau and colleagues have discovered that under laboratory conditions, “NMDARs form nano-objects on the neuronal surface.” Patients with AE have developed …

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Herpes simplex virus further explored in AE

Many autoimmune encephalitis survivors and family members long to know what caused the illness. Some causes are known, some are not. Among the known causes of anti-NMDA AE are ovarian teratomas and a few viruses, particularly the herpes simplex virus. Studies have shown some patients who develop herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE) go on to develop …

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